Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) is a terrorist organization that aims to establish an Islamic caliphate in Bangladesh. It is listed as a terror group by Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, and the United Kingdom. JMB was founded in 1998 by Abdur Rahman, a former student of Islamic University, Kushtia. The group gained public prominence in 2001 when bombs and documents detailing its activities were discovered in Parbatipur in Dinajpur district. Here are some notable Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen groups:
- Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB): This is perhaps the most well-known among the various Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen groups. JMB is a radical Islamist organization based in Bangladesh. It seeks to establish Islamic rule in Bangladesh through violent means and has been responsible for several terrorist attacks in the country. One of its most infamous acts was a series of bombings in Bangladesh in 2005.
- Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen India (JMI): JMI is a terrorist group that was founded in India, particularly active in the state of West Bengal. It has links to other extremist organizations and is involved in carrying out attacks in India.
- Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Pakistan (JuM or JuM-Pak): This is a group that primarily operates in Pakistan. It has been involved in various acts of violence and terrorism in Pakistan and has been associated with the global jihadist movement.
- Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Myanmar (JUMM): JUMM is an extremist group operating in Myanmar (Burma) that seeks to establish an Islamic state in the country’s Rakhine State. It has been involved in clashes with Myanmar’s security forces.
These groups may have different leaders, ideologies, and objectives, but they share a common thread of militancy and a desire to promote their extremist interpretations of Islam through violent means. They have been responsible for numerous acts of terrorism and violence in their respective regions, posing significant security challenges for the countries they operate in.
JMB’s ideology is based on a radical interpretation of Islam. The group believes that it is the duty of Muslims to wage jihad against non-Muslims and against Muslims who do not adhere to its strict interpretation of Islam. JMB also believes that it is necessary to establish an Islamic caliphate, a state governed by Islamic law.
JMB has carried out numerous attacks in Bangladesh, including:
- The 2005 bomb attacks on NGOs, which killed 10 people
- The 2005 bomb attacks on government buildings, which killed 11 people
- The 2007 bomb attack on a concert in Jessore, which killed nine people
- The 2016 Holey Artisan Bakery attack in Dhaka, which killed 22 people
JMB has also been implicated in the assassination of several prominent Bangladeshi figures, including the writer Humayun Azad and the blogger Avijit Roy.
The Bangladeshi government has taken a number of steps to counter JMB, including:
- Banning the group in 2005
- Arresting and killing a number of JMB leaders and members
- Conducting raids on JMB hideouts
- Increasing surveillance of JMB suspects
However, JMB remains active in Bangladesh and continues to pose a threat to the country’s security.
Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen is a dangerous terrorist organization that poses a threat to Bangladesh and the region. The Bangladeshi government has taken a number of steps to counter JMB, but the group remains active. It is important for the Bangladeshi government to continue to take steps to counter JMB and to prevent the group from carrying out further attacks.