India Receives First C-295 Military Transport Aircraft

India achieved a historic milestone in its defense capabilities with the acquisition of the first C-295 military transport aircraft. This remarkable achievement was celebrated as Air Chief Marshal VR Choudhary, the Chief of the Indian Air Force (IAF), received the aircraft from Airbus in Seville, Spain. The event not only signifies a significant leap in the Indian Air Force’s strength but also contributes to India’s journey toward self-reliance in the aerospace sector.

The induction of the C-295 aircraft is poised to revolutionize the Indian Air Force’s tactical capabilities. The arrival of the C-295 aircraft carries immense importance for India on multiple fronts. Not only does it bolster the country’s tactical capabilities, but it also symbolizes India’s commitment to self-reliance and innovation in the aviation industry.

With this aircraft in its arsenal, India gains the ability to swiftly transport soldiers, weaponry, fuel, and hardware across various locations. Its versatile nature allows it to carry up to 73 soldiers, 48 paratroopers, 12 intensive care medevac patients, or 27 medevac patients with four medical attendants. Additionally, the aircraft can lift a maximum weight of 9,250 kilograms, making it an indispensable asset for military logistics.

Strength and Specifications

The C-295 aircraft boasts impressive specifications, making it a formidable asset for the Indian Air Force. It is a two-crew aircraft with the capacity to carry 73 soldiers, 48 paratroopers, 12 intensive care medevac patients, or 27 medevac patients with four medical attendants. This versatile aircraft can lift a maximum weight of 9250 kilograms, providing the IAF with enhanced transport capabilities.

In terms of range, the C-295 can cover distances ranging from 1277 to 4587 kilometers, depending on the weight it carries. It achieves a maximum speed of 482 kilometers per hour and can reach an altitude of 13,533 feet. With a wingspan of 84.8 feet, a length of 80.3 feet, and a height of 28.5 feet, the C-295 is a well-rounded military transport aircraft.

One of its standout features is its ability to take off from short runways, making it suitable for operations in various terrains and conditions. The aircraft can remain in the air non-stop for an impressive 13 hours and carry a maximum weight of 9250 kilograms. With two powerful engines, it can maintain a speed of 482 kilometers per hour while carrying out its missions.

Strategic Significance

The C-295 aircraft significantly enhances the IAF’s capacity for transporting troops and cargo. With a load-carrying capacity of 5-10 tonnes, it can accommodate up to 71 soldiers or 49 paratroopers at once. Its ability to fly for 11 hours at a speed of approximately 480 kilometers per hour ensures efficient and swift transportation.

Furthermore, the C-295 is designed for strategic missions, capable of flying at low altitudes and speeds of up to 110 knots. It is equipped with a rear ramp door, facilitating rapid troop and cargo deployment, a crucial feature in military operations.

The aircraft is also set to receive an indigenous electronic warfare suite, developed by Bharat Electronics Limited and Bharat Dynamics Limited, further enhancing its capabilities. Its capacity for short takeoff and landing, as well as operations from undeveloped airstrips, makes it adaptable to a wide range of operational scenarios.

The C-295 is a versatile aircraft that can be used for a variety of missions, including:

  • Troop transport
  • Cargo transport
  • Humanitarian assistance
  • Disaster relief
  • Search and rescue

Manufacturing and Self-Reliance

India’s agreement with Airbus for 56 C-295 aircraft includes the manufacturing of 40 aircraft within India. Tata Group has partnered with Airbus for this endeavor, and the aircraft will be produced at a facility in Vadodara, Gujarat. This collaboration marks a significant step in India’s self-reliance in the aerospace industry, aligning with the nation’s “Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan” (Self-Reliant India Initiative).

Of the 56 aircraft, the first 16 will be manufactured in Spain, while the remaining 40 will be built in India, with delivery expected by 2031. This project not only strengthens India’s defense capabilities but also promotes the growth of its domestic aviation manufacturing sector.


The arrival of India’s first C-295 military transport aircraft heralds a new era for the Indian Air Force and the nation as a whole. With its impressive specifications, strategic significance, and commitment to self-reliance, the C-295 represents a major step forward in India’s aerospace capabilities. It exemplifies India’s determination to strengthen its defense forces and bolster its domestic aviation industry, ultimately contributing to national security and economic growth.

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