Chandrayaan 2 Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C45’s Incredible Journey to the Moon


Chandrayaan 2 Launch Vehicle: The successful launch of Chandrayaan 2, India’s second lunar mission, marked a historic moment in the country’s space exploration endeavors. While the lunar orbiter and lander garnered much of the spotlight, it was the dependable launch vehicle, PSLV-C45, that played a pivotal role in getting them to the moon. In this article, we delve into the details of PSLV-C45’s mission and its crucial role in India’s lunar exploration.

Chandrayaan 2 Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C45’s Technical Marvel

The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, or PSLV-C45, is no stranger to India’s space missions. Developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the PSLV has earned a reputation for its reliability and versatility. PSLV-C45 was the vehicle chosen to carry Chandrayaan 2’s payload into space.

  1. Payload Composition: PSLV-C45 carried a diverse payload, including 29 satellites from 14 different countries, which showcased India’s prowess in launching satellites for global customers. The primary payload, Chandrayaan 2, consisted of an orbiter, a lander named Vikram, and a rover named Pragyan.
  2. Mission Success Rate: With a track record of numerous successful missions, PSLV-C45 was a natural choice for this ambitious lunar endeavor. Its reliability played a critical role in ensuring that Chandrayaan 2 reached its intended orbit.
  3. Orbit Adjustments: After the initial launch, PSLV-C45 played a crucial role in performing a series of orbit adjustments to place Chandrayaan 2 in the correct trajectory for lunar insertion. These precision maneuvers were vital for a successful mission.

Significance of PSLV-C45 in Chandrayaan 2

The successful launch of Chandrayaan 2 via PSLV-C45 brought several significant achievements to India’s space program and the global scientific community.

  1. Cost-Effective Space Access: PSLV-C45 demonstrated India’s cost-effective approach to space exploration by efficiently carrying multiple payloads in a single mission. This approach has made India an attractive option for satellite launches worldwide.
  2. Global Collaboration: The inclusion of 29 foreign satellites in the payload showcased India’s willingness to collaborate with the global scientific community. It fostered international cooperation in space exploration.
  3. Advancing Lunar Exploration: PSLV-C45’s successful launch of Chandrayaan 2 represented India’s commitment to advancing lunar exploration. It added to our understanding of the moon’s composition and geological history.


The Chandrayaan 2 mission’s success was made possible by the technical prowess and reliability of the PSLV-C45 launch vehicle. Its role in delivering the orbiter, lander, and rover to their lunar destination was a testament to India’s growing prominence in the field of space exploration.

As India continues to expand its space program, the achievements of PSLV-C45 in the Chandrayaan 2 mission serve as a reminder of the nation’s commitment to pushing the boundaries of scientific knowledge and international collaboration in space exploration. The launch vehicle’s remarkable journey to the moon will be remembered as a crucial milestone in India’s quest to unlock the mysteries of the cosmos.


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